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2017 Apr 400-101 study guide

Q131. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which technology can be used on the switch to enable host A to receive multicast packets for 239.2.2.2 but prevent host B from receiving them? 

A. IGMP filtering 

B. MLD snooping 

C. IGMP snooping 

D. MLD filtering 

Answer:

Explanation: 

IGMP snooping is the process of listening to Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) network traffic. The feature allows a network switch to listen in on the IGMP conversation between hosts and routers. By listening to these conversations the switch maintains a map of which links need which IP multicast streams. Multicasts may be filtered from the links which do not need them and thus controls which ports receive specific multicast traffic. 


Q132. Which statement is true about IGMP? 

A. Multicast sources send IGMP messages to their first-hop router, which then generates a PIM join message that is then sent to the RP. 

B. Multicast receivers send IGMP messages to their first-hop router, which then forwards the IGMP messages to the RP. 

C. IGMP messages are encapsulated in PIM register messages and sent to the RP. 

D. Multicast receivers send IGMP messages to signal their interest to receive traffic for specific multicast groups. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

In the example shown above, the receivers (the designated multicast group) are interested in receiving the video data stream from the source. The receivers indicate their interest by sending an Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) host report to the routers in the network. The routers are then responsible for delivering the data from the source to the receivers. 

Reference: 

http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/solutions_docs/ip_multicast/White_papers/mcst_o vr.html 


Q133. Refer to the exhibit. 

All switches have default bridge priorities, and originate BPDUs with MAC addresses as indicated. The numbers shown are STP link metrics. 

After STP converges, you discover that traffic from switch SWG toward switch SWD takes a less optimal path. What can you do to optimize the STP tree in this switched network? 

A. Change the priority of switch SWA to a lower value than the default value. 

B. Change the priority of switch SWB to a higher value than the default value. 

C. Change the priority of switch SWG to a higher value than the default value. 

D. Change the priority of switch SWD to a lower value than the default value. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

In this topology, we see that all port paths and priorities are the same, so the lowest MAC address will be used to determine the best STP path. From SWG, SWE will be chosen as the next switch in the path because it has a lower MAC address than SWF. From SWE, traffic will go to SWC because it has a lower MAC address, and then to SWD, instead of going from SWE directly to SWD. If we lower the priority of SWD (lower means better with STP) then traffic will be sent directly to SWD. 


Q134. DRAG DROP 

Drag and drop the RIP configuration command on the left to the function it performs on the right. 

Answer: 


Q135. Which two options are advantages of NetFlow version 9 over NetFlow version 5? (Choose two.) 

A. NetFlow version 9 adds support for IPv6 headers. 

B. NetFlow version 9 adds support for MPLS labels. 

C. NetFlow version 9 adds support for the Type of Service field. 

D. NetFlow version 9 adds support for ICMP types and codes. 

Answer: A,B 

Explanation: 

NetFlow version 9 includes support for all of these fields that version 5 supports and can optionally include additional information such as Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS) labels and IPv6 addresses and ports. 


Renewal 400-101 actual test:

Q136. Which two statements about SNMP traps are true? (Choose two.) 

A. They are sent by an agent after a specified event. 

B. They are sent when solicited after a specified event. 

C. They are equivalent to a community string. 

D. They provide solicited data to the manager. 

E. They are sent by a management station to an agent. 

F. Vendor-specific traps can be configured. 

Answer: A,F 

Explanation: 

The SNMP agent contains MIB variables whose values the SNMP manager can request or change. A manager can get a value from an agent or store a value into the agent. The agent gathers data from the MIB, the repository for information about device parameters and network data. The agent can also respond to a manager's requests to get or set data. An agent can send unsolicited traps to the manager. Traps are messages alerting the SNMP manager to a condition on the network. Traps can mean improper user authentication, restarts, link status (up or down), MAC address tracking, closing of a TCP connection, loss of connection to a neighbor, or other significant events. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/lan/catalyst2960/software/release/12-2_55_se/configuration/guide/scg_2960/swsnmp.html 


Q137. Which two statements about IS-IS wide metrics are true? (Choose two.) 

A. The wide metric is a 24-bit field. 

B. The maximum link metric is 16777215. 

C. R3 and R4 periodically advertise PNSP messages to synchronize the IS-IS database. 

D. IS-IS devices that are enabled with wide metrics can become neighbors with a device that uses standard metrics. 

E. The maximum link metric is 4261412864. 

F. The maximum path metric is 16777215. 

Answer: A,B 


Q138. Refer to the exhibit. 

Notice that debug ip bgp updates have been enabled. What can you conclude from the debug output? 

A. This is the result of the clear ip bgp 10.1.3.4 in command. 

B. This is the result of the clear ip bgp 10.1.3.4 out command. 

C. BGP neighbor 10.1.3.4 performed a graceful restart. 

D. BGP neighbor 10.1.3.4 established a new BGP session. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

If you enter the clear ip bgp out command for a BGP peer, that router resends its BGP prefixes to that peer. This does not cause a change in the best path on the receiving BGP peer. Hence, there is no change in the Table Version on that peer. 

When you run the debug ip bgp updates on the receiving router, you see: 

BGP(0): 10.1.3.4 rcvd UPDATE w/ attr: nexthop 10.1.3.4, origin i, metric 0, merged path 4, AS_PATH 

BGP(0): 10.1.3.4 rcvd 10.100.1.1/32...duplicate ignored 

The received update is recognized as a duplicate, so it is ignored and no best path change occurs. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/116511-technote-tableversion-00.html 


Q139. Which feature of Cisco IOS XE Software allows for platform-independent code abstraction? 

A. its security 

B. Common Management Enabling Technology 

C. the Linux-based environment 

D. its modularity 

Answer:


Q140. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement about the route target for 192.168.1.0/24 is true? 

A. Its route target is 64512:100010051. 

B. Its route targets are 64512:100010051, 64512:2002250, and 64512:3002300. 

C. Its route target is 64512:3002300. 

D. Its route targets are 64512:100010051 and 64512:3002300. 

E. Its route targets are 64512:2002250 and 64512:3002300. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Here we are using route maps to change the route target for the 192.168.1.0/24 network from the default route target of 64512:100010051 to 64512:3002300.