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Q81. Examine the contents of SQL loader control file: 

Which three statements are true regarding the SQL* Loader operation performed using the control file? 

A. An EMP table is created if a table does not exist. Otherwise, if the EMP table is appended with the loaded data. 

B. The SQL* Loader data file myfile1.dat has the column names for the EMP table. 

C. The SQL* Loader operation fails because no record terminators are specified. 

D. Field names should be the first line in the both the SQL* Loader data files. 

E. The SQL* Loader operation assumes that the file must be a stream record format file with the normal carriage return string as the record terminator. 

Answer: A,B,E 

Explanation: A: The APPEND keyword tells SQL*Loader to preserve any preexisting data in the table. Other options allow you to delete preexisting data, or to fail with an error if the table is not empty to begin with. 

B (not D): Note: 

* SQL*Loader-00210: first data file is empty, cannot process the FIELD NAMES record 

Cause: The data file listed in the next message was empty. Therefore, the FIELD NAMES 

FIRST FILE directive could not be processed. 

Action: Check the listed data file and fix it. Then retry the operation 


* A comma-separated values (CSV) (also sometimes called character-separated values, because the separator character does not have to be a comma) file stores tabular data (numbers and text) in plain-text form. Plain text means that the file is a sequence of characters, with no data that has to be interpreted instead, as binary numbers. A CSV file consists of any number of records, separated by line breaks of some kind; each record consists of fields, separated by some other character or string, most commonly a literal comma or tab. Usually, all records have an identical sequence of fields. 

* Fields with embedded commas must be quoted. 


1997,Ford,E350,"Super, luxurious truck" 


* SQL*Loader is a bulk loader utility used for moving data from external files into the Oracle database. 

Q82. You executed a DROP USER CASCADE on an Oracle 11g release 1 database and immediately realized that you forgot to copy the OCA.EXAM_RESULTS table to the OCP schema. 

The RECYCLE_BIN enabled before the DROP USER was executed and the OCP user has been granted the FLASHBACK ANY TABLE system privilege. 

What is the quickest way to recover the contents of the OCA.EXAM_RESULTS table to the OCP schema? 


B. Recover the table using traditional Tablespace Point In Time Recovery. 

C. Recover the table using Automated Tablespace Point In Time Recovery. 

D. Recovery the table using Database Point In Time Recovery. 


Answer: C 

Explanation: RMAN tablespace point-in-time recovery (TSPITR). 

Recovery Manager (RMAN) TSPITR enables quick recovery of one or more tablespaces in a database to an earlier time without affecting the rest of the tablespaces and objects in the database. 

Fully Automated (the default) 

In this mode, RMAN manages the entire TSPITR process including the auxiliary instance. 

You specify the tablespaces of the recovery set, an auxiliary destination, the target time, and you allow RMAN to manage all other aspects of TSPITR. 

The default mode is recommended unless you specifically need more control over the location of recovery set files after TSPITR, auxiliary set files during TSPITR, channel settings and parameters or some other aspect of your auxiliary instance. 

Q83. What is the effect of specifying the "ENABLE PLUGGABLE DATABASE" clause in a "CREATE DATABASE” statement? 

A. It will create a multitenant container database (CDB) with only the root opened. 

B. It will create a CDB with root opened and seed read only. 

C. It will create a CDB with root and seed opened and one PDB mounted. 

D. It will create a CDB that must be plugged into an existing CDB. 

E. It will create a CDB with root opened and seed mounted. 

Answer: B 

Explanation: * The CREATE DATABASE ... ENABLE PLUGGABLE DATABASE SQL statement creates a new CDB. If you do not specify the ENABLE PLUGGABLE DATABASE clause, then the newly created database is a non-CDB and can never contain PDBs. 

Along with the root (CDB$ROOT), Oracle Database automatically creates a seed PDB (PDB$SEED). The following graphic shows a newly created CDB: 

Description of admin095.png follows 

* Creating a PDB Rather than constructing the data dictionary tables that define an empty PDB from scratch, and then populating its Obj$ and Dependency$ tables, the empty PDB is created when the CDB is created. (Here, we use empty to mean containing no customer-created artifacts.) It is referred to as the seed PDB and has the name PDB$Seed. Every CDB non-negotiably contains a seed PDB; it is non-negotiably always open in read-only mode. This has no conceptual significance; rather, it is just an optimization device. The create PDB operation is implemented as a special case of the clone PDB operation. 

Q84. You created an encrypted tablespace: 

You then closed the encryption wallet because you were advised that this is secure. 

Later in the day, you attempt to create the EMPLOYEES table in the SECURESPACE tablespace with the SALT option on the EMPLOYEE column. 

Which is true about the result? 

A. It creates the table successfully but does not encrypt any inserted data in the EMPNAME column because the wallet must be opened to encrypt columns with SALT. 

B. It generates an error when creating the table because the wallet is closed. 

C. It creates the table successfully, and encrypts any inserted data in the EMPNAME column because the wallet needs to be open only for tablespace creation. 

D. It generates error when creating the table, because the salt option cannot be used with encrypted tablespaces. 

Answer: C 


* The environment setup for tablespace encryption is the same as that for transparent data encryption. Before attempting to create an encrypted tablespace, a wallet must be created to hold the encryption key. 

* Setting the tablespace master encryption key is a one-time activity. This creates the master encryption key for tablespace encryption. This key is stored in an external security module (Oracle wallet) and is used to encrypt the tablespace encryption keys. 

* Before you can create an encrypted tablespace, the Oracle wallet containing the tablespace master encryption key must be open. The wallet must also be open before you can access data in an encrypted tablespace. 

* Salt is a way to strengthen the security of encrypted data. It is a random string added to the data before it is encrypted, causing repetition of text in the clear to appear different when encrypted. Salt removes the one common method attackers use to steal data, namely, matching patterns of encrypted text. 

* ALT | NO SALT By default the database appends a random string, called "salt," to the clear text of the column before encrypting it. This default behavior imposes some limitations on encrypted columns: / If you specify SALT during column encryption, then the database does not compress the data in the encrypted column even if you specify table compression for the table. However, the database does compress data in unencrypted columns and encrypted columns without the SALT parameter. 

Q85. You notice a high number of waits for the db file scattered read and db file sequential read events in the recent Automatic Database Diagnostic Monitor (ADDM) report. After further investigation, you find that queries are performing too many full table scans and indexes are not being used even though the filter columns are indexed. 

Identify three possible reasons for this. 

A. Missing or stale histogram statistics 

B. Undersized shared pool 

C. High clustering factor for the indexes 

D. High value for the DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT parameter 

E. Oversized buffer cache 

Answer: A,C,D 

Explanation: D: DB_FILE_MULTIBLOCK_READ_COUNT is one of the parameters you can use to minimize I/O during table scans. It specifies the maximum number of blocks read in one I/O operation during a sequential scan. The total number of I/Os needed to perform a full table scan depends on such factors as the size of the table, the multiblock read count, and whether parallel execution is being utilized for the operation. 

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Q86. Which three statements are true concerning the multitenant architecture? 

A. Each pluggable database (PDB) has its own set of background processes. 

B. A PDB can have a private temp tablespace. 

C. PDBs can share the sysaux tablespace. 

D. Log switches occur only at the multitenant container database (CDB) level. 

E. Different PDBs can have different default block sizes. 

F. PDBs share a common system tablespace. 

G. Instance recovery is always performed at the CDB level. 

Answer: B,D,G 

Explanation: B: 

* A PDB would have its SYSTEM, SYSAUX, TEMP tablespaces.It can also contains other 

user created tablespaces in it. 

* There is one default temporary tablespace for the entire CDB. However, you can create additional temporary tablespaces in individual PDBs. 


* There is a single redo log and a single control file for an entire CDB 

* A log switch is the point at which the database stops writing to one redo log file and begins writing to another. Normally, a log switch occurs when the current redo log file is completely filled and writing must continue to the next redo log file. 

G: instance recovery The automatic application of redo log records to uncommitted data blocks when an database instance is restarted after a failure. 

Incorrect: Not A: 

* There is one set of background processes shared by the root and all PDBs. – 

* High consolidation density. The many pluggable databases in a single container database share its memory and background processes, letting you operate many more pluggable databases on a particular platform than you can single databases that use the old architecture. 

Not C: There is a separate SYSAUX tablespace for the root and for each PDB. 

Not F: There is a separate SYSTEM tablespace for the root and for each PDB. -

Q87. Which two statements are true about the RMAN validate database command? 

A. It checks the database for intrablock corruptions. 

B. It can detect corrupt pfiles. 

C. It can detect corrupt spfiles. 

D. It checks the database for interblock corruptions. 

E. It can detect corrupt block change tracking files. 

Answer: A,C 


Block corruptions can be divided Into Interblock corruption and intrablock corruption. In intrablock corruption. th. corruption occurs within the block itself and can be either physical or logical corruption. In interblock corruption, the corruption occurs between blocks and can only be logical corruption. (key word) * The VALIDATE command checks for intrablock corruptions only. Only DBVERIFY and the ANALYZE statement detect Interblock corruption. VALIDATE Command Output ..> List of Control File and SPFILE. 

File TYPE >.. SPFILE or Control File. 

Status >.. OK if no corruption, or FAILED If block corruption is found. 

Blocks Failing ... The number of blocks that fail the corruption check. These 

blocks are newly corrupt. 

Blocks Examined ... Total number of blocks in the file. 

Oracle' Database Backup and Recovery User's Guide 

12c Release 1 (12.1) - 16 Validating Database Files and Backups 

Q88. Your multitenant container (CDB) containing three pluggable databases (PDBs) is running in ARCHIVELOG mode. You find that the SYSAUX tablespace is corrupted in the root container. 

The steps to recover the tablespace are as follows: 

1. Mount the CDB. 

2. Close all the PDBs. 

3. Open the database. 

4. Apply the archive redo logs. 

5. Restore the data file. 

6. Take the SYSAUX tablespace offline. 

7. Place the SYSAUX tablespace online. 

8. Open all the PDBs with RESETLOGS. 

9. Open the database with RESETLOGS. 

10. Execute the command SHUTDOWN ABORT. 

Which option identifies the correct sequence to recover the SYSAUX tablespace? 

A. 6, 5, 4, 7 

B. 10, 1, 2, 5, 8 

C. 10, 1, 2, 5, 4, 9, 8 

D. 10, 1, 5, 8, 10 

Answer: A 


* Example: 

While evaluating the 12c beta3 I was not able to do the recover while testing “all pdb files lost”. 

Cannot close the pdb as the system datafile was missing… 

So only option to recover was: 

Shutdown cdb (10) 

startup mount; (1) 

restore pluggable database 

recover pluggable database 

alter database open; 

alter pluggable database name open; 

Oracle support says: You should be able to close the pdb and restore/recover the system tablespace of PDB. 

* Inconsistent backups are usually created by taking online database backups. You can also make an inconsistent backup by backing up data files while a database is closed, either: 

/ Immediately after the crash of an Oracle instance (or, in an Oracle RAC configuration, all instances) / After shutting down the database using SHUTDOWN ABORT 

Inconsistent backups are only useful if the database is in ARCHIVELOG mode and all archived redo logs created since the backup are available. 

* Open the database with the RESETLOGS option after finishing recovery: SQL> ALTER DATABASE OPEN RESETLOGS; 

Q89. Your multitenant container database (CDB) contains some pluggable databases (PDBs), you execute the following command in the root container: 

Which two statements are true? 

A. Schema objects owned by the C# # A_ADMIN common user can be shared across all PDBs. 

B. The C # # A_ADMIN user will be able to use the TEMP_TS temporary tablespace only in root. 

C. The command will, create a common user whose description is contained in the root and each PDB. 

D. The schema for the common user C # # A_ADMIN can be different in each container. 

E. The command will create a user in the root container only because the container clause is not used. 

Answer: C,D 

Q90. Which two statements are true about the logical storage structure of an Oracle database? 

A. An extent contains data blocks that are always physically contiguous on disk. 

B. An extent can span multiple segments, 

C. Each data block always corresponds to one operating system block. 

D. It is possible to have tablespaces of different block sizes. 

E. A data block is the smallest unit of I/O in data files. 

Answer: B,D 

Reference: http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/server.112/e40540/logical.htm#CNCPT250 

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